Use of Has and Have – Rules, Examples and Exercises. Meaning, Definition and Sentences of Has and Have with Sentence Structure. Primary Auxiliary Verbs – Has and Have (To Have).
We use the has and have as Primary Auxiliary Verbs and Main Verbs in the sentences. Has and Have are the present tense forms of verb to have. We use Has and Have in the simple present and present perfect tense. For example;
- He has a pen.
- She has a book.
- It has a broken leg.
- They have a big house in New Jersey.
- I have a good time today.
- You have a great idea.
- We have an honest manager.
- George has a broken chair.
- He has helped me.
- They have cleaned their clothes.
Note: In the above sentences ‘has and have’ have been used as auxiliary verb in the present tense. In the last three sentences ‘has and have’ have been used as helping verb in the present perfect tense.
In this post, you will learn about the use of has and have with the rules examples and exercises.
Use of Has and Have
Has and Have are the present tense forms of verb to have. We use Have and Have for Possession. When someone possess something, we use has and have.
Use of Has:
- She has a red flower.
- He has an old machine.
- It has a big foot.
- George has three watches.
- The teacher has five notebooks.
- Father has an old stick.
- Peter has opened the store.
Use of have
- They have a yellow ball.
- I have a new smartphone.
- We have a Samsung phone.
- You have four cows.
- The men have not new clothes.
- The boys have green trees.
- The girls have come to your house.
- James and Tom have a football match.
Explanation: In the above examples of has and have have been used to possess something by someone.
Use of Has and Have Rules with examples
Rule (1) – ‘Has‘ is used with singular noun or third person singular pronouns.
- He has four elements.
- She has an old key.
- It has big ears.
- Chris has three packets of food.
- The man has a red cap.
- The carpenter has wood.
- The driver has a big car.
Rule (2) – ‘Have’ is used to with the plural nouns and the first, second and third person pronouns.
- I have two apples.
- We have a long rope.
- You have a little milk.
- They have four cows and goats.
- The boys have five electric bicycles.
- The players have a new bat.
- The teachers have some toys.
- The monkeys have ripe bananas.
- The women have four children.
Rule (3) – Has and Have are used in the present perfect tense as helping verbs with the third form of the verb.
- He has cleaned his washroom.
- It has rained in the city.
- They have done their work.
- You have already worked hard.
- I have bought a house.
- She has prepared a report.
Use of Has and Have with Examples
We use the forms of verb to have – has and have to describe the following;
To hold or possess something
We use ‘has’ and ‘have’ to talk about a person or thing that holds or possess something.
- I have a your health report at home.
- She has a big garden of mangoes.
- They have a private plane.
- Mr. Mick has five students.
- You do not have enough time.
- Do you have a computer?
- I have two smartphones.
- George has two sons and a daughter.
- The people have some money to buy something.
- I have nothing to eat.
- We do not have four cows.
- My company has three hundred employees.
Used with past participle
Has and Have are used with past participle of other verbs (third form of the verb) to tell that an action in the past has been completed.
- She has completed her task.
- The manager of the company has invited us.
- Has he gone somewhere?
- Have you opened the door?
- They have seen a monster in the forest.
- Our team has won the match.
- The train has started.
- He has already given me two hundred dollar.
- The man has save this child.
- This girl has not bought anything yet.
Has been and Have been
We use ‘been‘ with ‘has and have’ in the present perfect continuous tense. This tells us that an action has started in the past and continued until now. Has been and Have been used as helping verbs of present perfect continuous tense.
- They have been walking in the park for 2 hours.
- She has been singing in the party for 30 minutes.
- My driver has been driving this car since 3 o’clock.
- Your teacher has not been coming here for 2 months.
- My child has not been learning French for 3 years.
- Our babysitter has not been suffering from fever since last night.
- They have been searching a deer and the forest for two hours.
- Simple Present Tense
- Present Continuous Tense
- Present Perfect Tense
- Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Use of Has and Have in Passive Voice
We use ‘has and have’ in the active voice. But has and have are changed into has been and have been as Passive Voice helping verbs.
Active Voice: I have written a book.
Passive Voice: A book has been written by me.
- Her car has been sold by me.
- Their clothes have torn by the lion.
- A hunter has been arrested by the police.
- Our pet dog has been kidnapped.
- This brave soldier has been admired.
- The man has been treated by the doctor.
- My children have been injected by the doctor.
- This black bears have been captured by the hunters.
Affirmative Sentences of Has and Have
To make affirmative sentences of Has and Have, follow the steps and sentence structure given below.
- First of all, write your subject.
- Put has or have according to the subject.
- Now write the noun.
- Write the other words if any.
- Put the full stop at the end of the sentence.
Structure: Subject + Has/Have + Noun + Other Words
- She has five puppies.
- You have a wrong idea.
- They have five new cars.
- It has a broken leg.
- This mechanic has all his tools.
- We have a chance to play again.
- They have a big magic show.
- Jack has some seeds of tomatoes.
- I have a little sugar.
- She is not here. She has an important meeting today.
- My company has big plans to launch a new product.
- This man has old clothes.
- My family has five members.
- I have an urgent piece of work.
- This computer operator has a lot of knowledge.
- We have four children.
- I have an old computer.
- The writer has a hundred books.
Negative Sentences of Has and Have
Negative Sentences of Has and Have can be made in two ways. The rules and sentence structure of negative sentences given below:
- To make a negative sentence of has and have first of all, we put a subject.
- After the subject, we write ‘do not have’ with plural pronouns and nouns or ‘does not have’ with singular nouns or pronouns.
- We can also write ‘not‘ or ‘no‘ after has and have.
- Write a noun or other words.
- Write (.) at the end of the sentence.
Sentence Structure: Subject + does not have/do not have + noun or other words
1. I have not a pen.
I don’t have a pen.
2. He has not an old car.
He does not have an old car.
3. They have no books.
They do not have books.
4. I have no water.
I do not have water.
5. She has not five flowers.
She does not have five flowers.
6. Peter has not an old novel of William Shakespeare.
Peter does not have an old novel of William Shakespeare.
7. The man has nothing to eat.
The man does not have anything to eat.
8. The girl has not long hair.
The girl does not have long hair.
9. The magician has no followers.
The magician does not have any followers.
10. Tom has not playthings at home.
Tom does not have playthings at home.
Interrogative Sentences of Has and Have
We can make interrogative sentences of has and have in two ways; yes-no type questions and wh-word type questions. Both the sentence structure are given below.
Yes-No Type Questions
To make yes-no type questions of has and have, there are two ways to make yes-no type questions of has and have. We follow the steps and sentence structures given below.
Steps of Structure – 1:
- First of all, put has/have. we can write Do/Does according to the subject.
- If your subject is singular, you should put ‘has’ or your subject is plural, you should put ‘have’ at the beginning of the sentence
- Now write your subject.
- After the subject, write noun or other words.
- Put a question mark (?) at tje the end of sentence.
Structure: Has/Have + Subject + Noun/Other Words + ?
- Have you a colourful kite?
- Has she a ball?
- Have they a white puppy?
- Has the boy a pink shirt?
- Have we something to eat here?
- Has this girl five red flowers?
- Have you an old car?
- Has your dad five thousand dollars?
- Has this man clothes to wear?
- Has he two umbrellas?
- Have those guys blue jackets?
Steps for structure – 2
- First of all, write ‘does’ if your subject is singular. Write ‘do’ if your subject is plural.
- Now write your subject.
- After subject, write the verb ‘have’
- After have, write noun or other words.
- Put the question mark (?) at the end of sentence.
Structure: Do/Does + subject + have + noun/other words +?
- Do you have a colourful kite?
- Does she have a ball?
- Do they have a white puppy?
- Does the boy have a pink shirt?
- Do we have something to eat here?
- Does this girl have five red flowers?
- Do you have an old car?
- Does your dad have five thousand dollars?
- Does this man have clothes to wear?
- Does he have two umbrellas?
- Do those guys have blue jackets?
Wh-word Type Questions
The wh-word type questions of has and have are made according to the following steps and sentence structure.
- First of all, we put a ‘question word’ at the beginning of the sentence.
- Now write ‘has’ or ‘have’ according to the subject. We can use do or does after the question word.
- If you have written do or does, you should put ‘have’
- Now write noun or other words.
- At the end of the sentence, put the question mark.
Structure (1): Question word + has/have + subject + noun/other words + ?
Structure (2): Question word + do/does + subject + have + noun/other words +?
- What has he?
- What does he have?
- How many books have you?
- How many books do you have?
- How much time do we have?
- Who has five goats?
- Whose son has four video games?
- What do you have?
- What does your friend have?
- How many rings does your mother have?
Examples of Has and Have
- He has an apple.
- She has a bucket.
- I have got a new phone.
- They have a yellow car.
- Jack has a black cat.
- I have got an elephant.
- She has got a white puppy.
- The man has escaped from the cage.
- We have already decorated our home.
- This artist has made a beautiful picture.
- The man has told you everything.
- I have a little sugar.
- We have five hundred employees in our company.
- Have you a knife to cut these apples?
- Has he an axe to cut wood?
- Does she have crayons?
Has and Have Exercises
Fill in the blanks with Has and Have:
- I ________ a good house.
- She ________ four cows.
- They _______ not two dogs.
- I ________ not a green shirt.
- Do you _______ six black cows?
- They ________ not four friends.
- She _________ a laptop.
- The girl _________ not a book.
- Jack _________ not closed the door.
- I _________ three dolls.
In this post, you have learnt about the use of has and have with rules example and exercises. Has and Have are used as primary auxiliary verbs and helping verbs in the sentences. Has and Have are the forms of to have and used in the simple present tense as Auxiliary Verbs and as Helping Verbs in the present perfect tense.