Last Updated on December 19, 2022 by Toppr Nation
Use of Do and Does – Rules, Examples and Sentences. Do and Does meaning and definition. Auxiliary auxiliary verb Do and Does with rules and examples.
Do and Does are the forms of primary auxiliary verb ‘to do’ . To do is used as primary auxiliary verb and the main verb in the simple present tense. It has others meanings and use also.
In this post, we have described the about the use of do and does in detail with rules and proper examples.
What is the use of do and does?
‘Do’ is used with the plural subjects and ‘Does’ with singular subjects as the primary auxiliary in the negative, interrogative and inverted constructions. For example:
- Do you want to drink?
- Does she ride there?
- Do they come here everyday?
- He does not want to go there.
- We do not like him.
- She does not open the store at 7 o’clock.
- Do you like this mangoes?
- Does she have a pen?
- Do your friends accept their mistakes?
Note: In the above sentences of simple present tense, do and does has been used as the auxiliary verbs.
Do and Does as the Helping Verb
‘Do’ is used as the helping verb with plural subjects; You, We, They and plural nouns in Negative and Interrogative sentences of Simple Present Tense. For example;
- Do you play with your friends?
- I do not talk to her.
- We don’t like their behaviour.
- Do we need some help?
- Do they ever clean their room?
- I don’t like it.
- Do I hate you?
- Why do you read this novel again and again?
- What do they tell you everyday?
- Where do your parents work in New York?
‘Does‘ is used as the helping verb with singular subjects; he, she, it and singular nouns in the negative and interrogative sentences of simple present tense. For example;
- She does not study Urdu.
- He does not drive his car fast.
- It doesn’t rain in our city.
- George does not clear his dues.
- Does she want to drink anything?
- Does he repair watches?
- Does it work?
- Does she ride this horse?
- Where does your father want to go tonight?
- Who does not deliver food here?
- Why does your teacher not teach you on Saturday?
Difference between Do and Does
We know that both do and does are action verbs and auxiliary verbs. The difference between Do and Does given below:
- ‘Do‘ is used with the plural nouns and pronouns. Example: (I) I/We/You + do not + work. (II) They boys do not work.
- ‘Does‘ is used with the singular nouns and pronouns. Examples: He/She/It/does not work. The boy does not work.
- ‘Do‘ is used to form imperative sentences but does isn’t used in imperative sentences. Examples: Do it now. (✓) Does your work now. (×)
Affirmative Sentences of Do and Does
We can use do and does as the man verb in the affirmative sentences. Follow the steps given below:
- First of all write the subject of the sentence.
- Then put the main verb do or does according to the subject.
- If if there is singular subject, write ‘does’ after the subject.
- If there is a plural subject, write ‘do’ after it.
- Now write the object of the sentence.
- Write the other words if there are any.
- Put the full stop at the end of the sentence.
Structure: Subject + do/does + object + other words
- She does her work at 5 o’clock.
- I do my work on time.
- They do dear work everyday.
- George does this in case of emergency.
Negative Sentences of Do and Does
To make negative sentences of do and does, we follow the steps given below:
- Write the subject.
- Now put ‘do’ or ‘does’ according to the subject.
- Write the negative word ‘not’.
- Then write the man verb (verb I) of the sentence.
- Write the object if there is any.
- After the object write the other words.
- Put a full stop at the end of the sentence.
- He does not work in this city.
- I don’t know you.
- She doesn’t contact you.
- They do not play hockey in the evening.
- I don’t go for swimming on the weekend.
- It doesn’t rain in our city.
- Our teacher does not eat us in the class.
- This man does not open the shop in the morning.
- The men do not help each other in problem.
- You do not reveal your secrets.
- She doesn’t play tennis in the evening.
- We don’t know her name very well.
- Our team manager doesn’t is called us.
- The driver does not drive the car fast.
- He doesn’t go to office at 7:00 a.m.
Interrogative Sentences of Do and Does
There are two ways of making integrative sentences of do and does; yes no type questions and wh-word type questions.
Yes-No Type Questions
To yes no type sentences of do and does you can follow the sentence structure given below;
Note: If the subject is singular, put ‘does’ with it and put ‘do’ with plural subjects.
Structure: Do/Does + subject+ verb I + object + other words + ?
- Do you read the novels of William Shakespeare?
- Does he write a letter to his father every month?
- Do you like to play at the park?
- Does he want to stop this project?
- Do you play hockey in the evening?
- Does he write a letter in the evening?
- Does she clean her bag everyday?
- Do those men cut the trees in the forest?
- Does this man hate her wife?
- Do you ever clean your room?
- Do you want to publish a book?
- Does he teach you mathematics on the weekend?
Wh-word Type Questions
To make Wh-word type questions with do and does, we just add the question word before them. See the sentence structure given below.
Sentence Structure: Wh-word + Do/Does + subject+ verb I + object + other words + ?
- Why do you want to learn Urdu?
- Where do you live?
- Whom do you invite to the birthday party?
- Why do you disturb him again and again?
- Which novel do you want to buy from the store?
- How do you whitewash the fence?
- Where does he work in New York?
- What do you want?
- What does she eat at night?
- How many buckets does he fill with water?
Video on the use of Do and Does
If you want to understand clearly about the ‘use of do and does’ you may watch the video. The link is given below.
In this post, we have explained the use of do and does in detail. We know that do and does are the primary auxiliary verbs. These verbs are the form of the verb to do. We use them to form the negative statements and Interrogative sentences of simple present tense. We also use them as the man were of the sentence. You must be careful while using these verbs and you must know how to use them as the helping verb and the main verb.