CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science available to download in PDF format for English and Hindi Medium. Class 10th Physics, Chemistry and Biology notes and solutions can be downloaded. As we know that Science is an important subject for the students. they always study hard to learn or score high marks in the board exams. To help them w help them, we have uploaded sample papers, revision notes, lab manual, experiments list, assignments and solved previous year questions paper. We have uploaded science solutions in both Hindi and English.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science
CBSE Class 10 Science Solutions can be downloaded or viewed online. Chapter’s links are given below.
- Chapter 1 – Chemical Reactions and Equations
- Chapter 2 – Acids, Bases and Salts
- Chapter 3 – Metals and Non Metals
- Chapter 4 – Carbon and its Compounds
- Chapter 5 – Periodic Classification of Elements
- Chapter 6 – Life Processes
- Chapter 7 – Control and Coordination
- Chapter 8 – How do Organisms Reproduce?
- Chapter 9 – Heredity and Evolution
- Chapter 10 – Light – Reflection and Refraction
- Chapter 11 – Human Eye and Colourful World
- Chapter 12 – Electricity
- Chapter 13 – Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
- Chapter 14 – Sources of Energy
- Chapter 15 – Our Environment
- Chapter 16 – Management of Natural Resources
NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions Chapters and Main Topics (Physics, Chemistry and Biology)
Chapter 1 – Chemical reactions and Equations
Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implication of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions : Combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.
Chapter 2 – Acids, Bases and Salts
Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH- ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.
Chapter 3 – Metals and Nonmetals
Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.
Chapter 4 – Carbon and Its compounds
Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.
Chapter 5 – Periodic classification of elements
Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.
Chapter 6 – Life processes
‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.
Chapter 6 – Control and coordination in animals and plants
Topic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and coordination in animals; Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical coordination: animal hormones.
Chapter 7 – How do Organisms Reproduce?
Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV / AIDS. Childbearing and women’s health.
Chapter 8 – Heredity and Evolution
Heredity; Mendel’s contribution – Laws for inheritance of traits : Sex determination : brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.
Chapter 9 – Light – Reflection and Refraction
- Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.
- Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.
- Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.
- Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.
Chapter 11 – Human Eye and Colourful World
Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.
Chapter 12 – Electricity
Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.
Chapter 13 – Magnetic Effects of Current
Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Electric Generator, Direct Current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.
Chapter 14 – Sources of energy
Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy : Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy.
Chapter 15 – Our environment:
Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.
Chapter 14 – Management of natural resources:
Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.
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